Back to the basics…PGI Written by  Sunday, 08 January 2017
What is PGI and why it was invented?

Throughout modern history, several legislative schemes-label based mechanisms, related to the origin of various food products have been applied, to “promote, protect and defend local features” (Virginie Amilien, Fatiha Fort, Nicolas Ferras, 2007 pa.10) on the one hand, and provide consumers with quality assurance on the other. Three schemes were developed in the EU for this purpose: PDO, PGI and TSG

“PGI” (Protected Geographical Indication) refers to products whose main characteristics (quality, reputation) “may be attributed to its geographical origins and which is produced or processed and or developed within the delimited area”. Since the raw materials may come from another region and only one stage of the production is enough for a product to be recognised as “PGI”, it is obvious that the geographic link, isn’t as deep as in the case of “PDO”. On the contrary, emphasis is given on the product’s reputation, it’s special characteristic and the historical links with a geographical entity (Bérard & Marcheney, 2007)